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This extensively updated new edition of the widely acclaimed Treatise on Geochemistry has increased its coverage beyond the wide range of geochemical subject areas in the first edition, with five new volumes which include: the history of the atmosphere, geochemistry of mineral deposits, archaeology and anthropology, organic geochemistry and analytical geochemistry.In addition, the original Volume 1 on "Meteorites, Comets, and Planets" was expanded into two separate volumes dealing with meteorites and planets, respectively.The Origin and Earliest History of the Earth Abstract Acknowledgments 2.8.1 Introduction 2.8.2 Observational Evidence and Theoretical Constraints Pertaining to the Nebular Environment from Which Earth Originated 2.8.3 The Dynamics of Accretion of the Earth 2.8.4 Chemical and Isotopic Constraints on the Nature of the Components That Accreted to Form the Earth 2.8.5 Core Formation 2.8.6 Lead and Tungsten Isotopes and the Timing, Rates, and Mechanisms of Accretion and Core Formation 2.8.7 Earth's Earliest Atmospheres and Hydrospheres 2.8.8 The Formation of the Moon 2.8.9 Mass Loss and Compositional Changes During Accretion 2.8.10 The Late Veneer 2.8.11 Early Mantle and Crust References 2.9.The Moon Abstract Acknowledgments 2.9.1 Introduction: The Lunar Context 2.9.2 The Lunar Geochemical Database 2.9.3 Mare Volcanism 2.9.4 The Highland Crust: Impact Bombardment and Early Differentiation 2.9.5 Water in the Moon 2.9.6 The Bulk Composition and Origin of the Moon References 2.10.Chondrites and Their Components Abstract Acknowledgments 1.2.1 Introduction 1.2.2 Classification and Parent Bodies of Chondrites 1.2.3 Bulk Composition of Chondrites 1.2.4 Metamorphism, Alteration, and Impact Processing 1.2.5 Chondritic Components 1.2.6 Formation and Accretion of Chondritic Components 1.2.7 Heating Mechanisms in the Early Solar System References 1.3.Calcium–Aluminum-Rich Inclusions in Chondritic Meteorites Abstract Acknowledgments 1.3.1 Introduction 1.3.2 Changes in this Revision 1.3.3 Some Essential Terminology: Structural Elements of a CAI 1.3.4 Mineralogy and Mineral Chemistry 1.3.5 Diversity and Major Element Bulk Chemistry 1.3.6 Type C CAIs, Compound Objects, and the Chondrule–CAI Connection 1.3.7 Fun CAIs and Hibonite Grains 1.3.8 Distribution Among Chondrite Types 1.3.9 Ages 1.3.10 Trace Elements 1.3.11 Oxygen Isotopes 1.3.12 Short-Lived Radionuclides in CAIs 1.3.13 CAIS, Chondrules, Condensation, and Melt Distillation 1.3.14 Wark–Lovering Rim Sequences: One Terminal Event or Many?Short-Lived Radionuclides and Early Solar System Chronology Abstract Acknowledgments 1.11.1 Introduction 1.11.2 Dating with Ancient Radioactivity 1.11.3 ‘Absolute’ and ‘Relative’ Timescales 1.11.4 The Record of Short-Lived Radionuclides in Early Solar System Materials 1.11.5 Origins of the Short-Lived Nuclides 1.11.6 Short-Lived Nuclides as Chronometers 1.11.7 Conclusions References 1.12.
It is also highly recommended for professionals working in contamination clean-up, resource managers, and environmental regulators, among others.Nebular Versus Parent Body Processing Abstract Acknowledgments 1.9.1 Introduction 1.9.2 Nebular or Asteroidal Processing: Some Criteria 1.9.3 Aqueous Alteration 1.9.4 Oxidation and Metasomatism 1.9.5 Future Work References 1.10.Condensation and Evaporation of Solar System Materials Abstract Acknowledgments 1.10.1 Introduction 1.10.2 Theoretical Framework 1.10.3 Laboratory Experiments 1.10.4 Applications 1.10.5 Outlook References 1.11.Geophysical Constraints on Mantle Composition Abstract Acknowledgments 3.2.1 Introduction 3.2.2 Upper Mantle Bulk Composition 3.2.3 Upper Mantle Heterogeneity 3.2.4 Lower Mantle Bulk Composition 3.2.5 Lower Mantle Heterogeneity 3.2.6 Future Prospects References 3.3.Sampling Mantle Heterogeneity through Oceanic Basalts: Isotopes and Trace Elements Abstract Acknowledgments 3.3.1 Introduction 3.3.2 Local and Regional Equilibrium Revisited 3.3.3 Crust–Mantle Differentiation 3.3.4 Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts: Samples of the Depleted Mantle 3.3.5 Ocean Island, Plateau, and Seamount Basalts 3.3.6 The Lead Paradox 3.3.7 Geochemical Mantle Models References 3.4.
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Asteroids Abstract Acknowledgments 2.14.1 Introduction 2.14.2 Background 2.14.3 Remote Observations 2.14.4 Taxonomy 2.14.5 Spacecraft Missions 2.14.6 Interesting Groups of Asteroids 2.14.7 Taxonomic Distribution of Taxonomic Types 2.14.8 Conclusions and Future Work References Volume 3: The Mantle and Core Dedication Volume Editor’s Introduction 1 Introduction 2 Working Down from the Top 3 Crust–Mantle Exchange Is not a One Way Street 4 Is the Present the Key to the Past 5 Chemical Differentiation Before Earth Formation 6 Concluding Points 3.1.